Do Shock Collars Hurt Dogs?

Do Shock Collars Hurt Dogs?

Do you feel uncomfortable when someone mentions shock collars in the context of dog training? It may sound like a horror show for some, but it is a normal item for many. The shock collar use has stirred up a heated debate among pet owners, trainers, and animal welfare advocates.

Advocates argue that these collars are successful tools for behavior modification, while opponents express concerns. They see the potential harm it may cause to the four-legged companions.

We aim to explore the debates surrounding shock collars and objectively examine the question: Do shock collars hurt dogs?

Let's navigate through the various perspectives on this contentious issue. Our goal is not to promote or discourage the use of shock collars but to provide you with the information needed to make an informed decision about what's best for your furry friend.

Understanding Shock Collars

When one hears about shock collars for the first time, they may themselves turn shocked at its concept. So, let us explain. Shock collars are also known as e-collars, dog training collars, or electronic collars.

Such devices work when the user is trying to train the dog for something specific. The idea is to warn the dog to learn something through beeps and shock. Most likely, it is to discipline its poor behavior.

First, this device gives a beep or vibration. If it doesn’t learn the desired behavior, the beep is followed by a shock. The intensity of the shock can vary from a mild tickling sensation to a more uncomfortable one.

The collars usually have a warning beep before the shock, teaching your dog to associate the sound with the impending shock. The view is that your dog learns to stop the undesired behavior upon hearing the beep, avoiding the need for the next one- a shock.

While some dog owners may not like shocking a dog, others favor it and deem it useful in modifying behavior.

How Do Shock Collars For Dogs Work?

One of the most common questions we have come across is- Do shock collars hurt a dog? It is a valid question and concern. Nowadays, we call them electric collars, but back in the 1960s, when it came out, it was called shock collars because it had only Level 1 continual shock.

It meant there was only one shock button being used infinite times without taking the dog’s temperament into account.

It doesn't work like this anymore. Our modern-day devices have several levels. It allows trainers and owners to fine-tune the collar according to temperament without over-stimulating your pet.

Some collars come with momentary and continuous modes. Others come with vibration and tone features used to warn the dog. Many companies have used this technology to see the difference in the power.

The technology in these collars gives a cleaner static shock that doesn't go too deep into the dog's neck muscles. The shock humans might get at a chiropractor or physical therapist, which means stimulating muscle reflex, is similar to this.

However, be cautious because the collar might not help in every situation. For instance, if your dog misbehaves out of fear, the shock could make it scared and behavior worse instead of better.

Using these collars requires careful decision-making. Let's weigh the good and bad sides to help you make an informed choice for your furry friend.

Reasons To Choose And Avoid Shock Collars

For several reasons, dog owners and experts advocate against using shock collars. Proponents argue these collars are useful tools for behavior modification. Critics highlight the potential adverse effects of shock collars. There have been episodes where the government wanted to ban e-collars too!
But some people support this too.

Let’s look into it deeper-

Using the Shock Collars- The Advocates’ Viewpoint

1. Effectiveness in Specific Dog Training

Advocates say shock collars are practical tools to train dogs for specific actions and behaviors. They provide immediate feedback to a dog for specific behaviors, making them a potentially effective training tool.

The quick association between unwanted behavior and correction helps modify behavior.

For instance, if you want to train your dog not to bark or to sit when asked, shock collars would be effective.

2. Strengthening Established Commands

Advocates think dog training collars are valuable assets for reinforcing commands your dog is already familiar with, even when far away. The electronic dog collars deliver a gentle electric stimulation serving as positive reinforcement.

Distance learning is advantageous for training in expansive areas or for dogs with a penchant for wandering.

This tool becomes indispensable for reinforcing crucial commands like recall, off-leash obedience, and boundary training. Handlers achieve a synergistic effect by integrating the e-collar with traditional training methods. It enhances the overall effectiveness of their training approach.

When users command, there is a stronger bond, providing versatility and reliability in obedience training.

3. Consistent results

Shock collars offer consistent corrections for specific behaviors, irrespective of the trainer's mood or presence. Advocates have seen this as proof. The consistency is particularly valuable, as it provides a reliable and predictable consequence for the dog's actions.

It can be crucial for certain dogs that may not respond as effectively to other correction methods. Inconsistencies could lead to confusion and hinder the learning process.

For instance, consider a scenario where a dog exhibits excessive barking. With a shock collar set to respond to barking, the correction is delivered consistently each time the dog engages in the undesired behavior.

Inconsistent corrections can lead to confusion for the dog about the relationship between its behavior and the consequences.

In contrast, a shock collar ensures the correction is uniform, helping the dog establish a clear association between its behavior and the consequence.

4. Giving Your Dog More Freedom

Using e-collars helps your dog learn and follow commands even when not on a leash. This kind of training makes your dog more confident and independent. It provides enjoyment and extra freedom.

E-collars let you communicate with your dog from a distance. It keeps them safe and prevents risky behaviors like running into traffic or chasing wildlife.

By giving clear and reliable signals, advocates believe e-collars improve a dog's ability to behave well without a leash. It lets them have the freedom they love while staying protected.

5. Focuses on Positive Reinforcement

Isn’t it ironic that some think punishment can be a positive exercise for learning purposes? Some advocates think the primary function of these collars is often to provide positive support through shock signals. It's intended to associate shock signals with specific rewards, encouraging the dog to repeat desired actions for a positive outcome.

One can target shock collars to address specific behavioral issues, such as excessive barking, digging, or jumping. When used correctly, they can help modify these behaviors by associating them with a mild correction, discouraging the dog from repeating them.

Using Shock Collars- The Critics' Viewpoint

1. Negative Impact

If someone asks critics, do shock collars hurt dogs? Their answer would be a straight yes! Critics have pointed out a few issues against shock dog collars.
Using shock collars can be harmful to your dog's health and behavior.

Long-term effects may include physical injuries like burns, skin irritations, and muscle spasms.

It may cause discomfort and changes in behavior, such as fear or aggression. The shocks can also make dogs anxious and stressed, leading to lasting psychological damage.

Dogs might start associating shocks with certain things in their environment, developing fears or aversions. We have noticed this and don't recommend shock collars. Before deciding to use a shock collar, pet owners should consider these potential negative impacts on their dog's well-being.

2. Legal Limitations

In our experience, abiding by laws for pets should be a top priority. That is why our products are pet-centered and not owner-centered. Pet owners should know about the rules regarding shock collars to decide wisely on their dog's training.

Some places have made using these collars illegal because of worries about animal welfare and public safety. Using shock collars where they are banned or restricted can lead to grave consequences like fines or even going to jail.

Besides the legal issues, many don't like these collars, thinking they are cruel. For instance, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) is a nonprofit organization in America for animal rights. They strongly abide by the cruelty-free existence of animals in every industry.

So, before using a shock collar, pet owners should assess the laws and what their community thinks. It's a good idea to explore other training methods if nothing works.

3. Physical Health Risk

Did you know using a shock collar for dogs has health risks, like cardiovascular, respiratory, and gastrointestinal problems? Many pets cannot withstand the pressure of shocks.

The stress induced by shocks from the collar can lead to increased heart rate and blood pressure. Prolonged exposure to such stressors may contribute to cardiovascular strain, potentially impacting the overall heart health of the animal.

Raised stress levels can lead to changes in breathing patterns, causing respiratory distress. It can be particularly concerning for dogs with pre-existing respiratory conditions.

Stress and anxiety caused by the shocks can cause nausea, vomiting, or changes in bowel movements.

Not all dogs have the same tolerance levels for the pressure of shocks. Some pets may be more sensitive or reactive, making them more susceptible to adverse physical reactions. Individual differences in pain threshold and stress response should be considered when using shock collars.

4. Ethical Concerns

Pet owners should consider the right and wrong aspects of using shock collars for training their dogs. While some say it helps correct poor behavior, studies show using positive reinforcement works better to make dogs behave well and reduce aggression.

There can be cuts, burns, and bruises because of a foreign metal on the dog’s body. Shock training could cause lasting problems, affecting their overall well-being over time.

Owners need to value their well-being when choosing a training method. Using positive reinforcement, like giving treats or praise, helps with good behavior and builds a joyful bond between dogs and their owners.

5. Risk of More Aggressive Behavior

Using e-collars to fix dog behavior might not always work and can sometimes worsen it. Training that relies on causing discomfort can lead dogs to hide their innate instincts, like barking at strangers, and develop other problems or repetitive behaviors.

For example, a study found that dogs trained with shock collars might start being destructive, aggressive, and unpredictable. It happens in dogs that are already nervous or have violent tendencies.

Scientists and critics have wanted alternatives to shock collars. They argue that causing pain can make dogs more aggressive and fearful, possibly leading them to attack unexpectedly.

Another problem is that e-collars do not get to the root of why dogs act a certain way- mainly if it's because of anxiety, fear, or frustration. So, using these collars may not fix the real issue.

Nevertheless, the no-shock dog training is still an ongoing debate. Everything truly depends on how people perceive punishment, positivity, and training methods.

What Are The Alternatives to Shock Collars?

Various shock collar alternatives are available. You may find it surprising at the various types of dog collars available today.

If you are looking for ways to train your dog without using shock collars, we have four main types for you-

1. Vibrating Collars

Vibrating collars give your dog a little buzz when you either press a button on a remote or when they bark. These collars often come with different modes to ensure your dog feels cozy.

The quick vibration is a gentle way to get your dog's attention or discourage certain behaviors. Use these collars carefully and always ensure setting it at a level your dog finds more reassuring than upsetting.

Like any training tool, we suggest introducing it gradually and linking it with positive experiences. If you are unsure how to use a vibrating collar, a professional dog trainer would be helpful to ensure they use it humanely.

2. Beeping or Sound Collars

It is similar to vibrating collars making a noise when your dog does something you don't want, like barking. The idea is to redirect your dog's attention.
After the beep, show your dog the right thing to do. Some dogs respond better to sounds than vibrations, so having a collar that does both or switching between them can work.

3. Scented Collars

Did you know dogs have an incredible sense of smell, approximately 100,000 times more powerful than humans? Scientists believe that dogs possess around 2 billion olfactory receptors. It is considerably more than the 40 million receptors found in humans!

Scented collars work like beeping and vibrating ones, but release a puff of citronella instead.

The smell acts as a deterrent, much like the sound. Check for any allergies your dog might have to citronella.

Keep an eye out for signs like rubbing their eyes or getting hives, as it could mean the spray doesn't agree with them. Dogs with a tough past might prefer this over beeping or vibrating options.

4. Chain Slip Collars

This one is a basic canine training collar, simple but strong. Made from sturdy materials, it has a metallic chain looped between two rings. When you pull on it, the collar tightens around your dog's neck, giving a quick signal if they do something you don't like.

We recommend this one but use it carefully and responsibly. Ensure it fits comfortably, not too tight. Get advice from a dog coach to use this collar correctly. They can also help you find other methods that suit your dog's personality.

Training Tips Without Shock

We know you would be concerned about your dog’s wellbeing. So, let’s discuss a few other options as well. If you have questions like how to train a dog without shock, we have answers to them.

We know that dogs can be extra sensitive to collars, so here’s what we have-

1. Use A Clicker

When you teach your dog something, it can be difficult at first. Letting them know what they did takes time. It is true especially if they move before you give them a treat.

That's where a clicker comes in. Trainers use it as a "marker" to pinpoint the exact action that deserves a reward. It is a shock-free dog training method.
When you click, pause, and give a treat, dogs quickly learn that the click means a reward is on its way. It makes it simple to convey which action you are happy with and want to reward. The clicker allows no harmful effects of shock collars.

2. Rewarding

This method rewards your pet but may be in different ways, unlike using clickers. Like humans, dogs like appreciation and rewards as well. Instead of punishing them for doing something wrong, experts suggest giving them treats or praise when they behave well.

You can also use designer dog accessories as gifts for them.

It helps your dog understand what you want them to do. Reward good behavior consistently; they will learn to associate it with receiving a treat.

Be uniform so that your dog makes a positive link between the behavior and the joy of getting a treat. This positive association makes learning more enjoyable for your furry friend.

3. Register for the Puppy Obedience Course

Want to try something different? You can sign up your dog for puppy obedience classes. These are like schools for dogs, and they help your puppy learn how to behave well. It is best to start when your puppy is young because they learn fast.

Look for a class where someone who knows a lot about training dogs is in charge. Go to these classes with your puppy so you both can learn together. If you cannot find a class, you can also start teaching your puppy at home.

If your dog is not a puppy anymore, a grown-up dog, you might need to be patient. Sometimes, older dogs need more time to learn new things. If your dog is taking time, you can ask a professional trainer to help.

Getting help from a specialist is a wise idea. They know a lot about dog behavior and can figure out why your dog is acting a certain way and help better it. It's like having a teacher for your dog!

4. Bark Distractions

Not all dogs are hyperactive, but some are uncontrollable. Barking is instinctive for all dogs, but maintaining a balance between good and suspicious barking behavior calls for training.

Positive reinforcement is a classic way to deal with them rather than using anti-bark collars for dogs. It means making learning enjoyable for them and providing good experiences. We have had discussions with experts about distraction techniques.

When your dog barks a lot they may convey "Hey, I'm interested or bothered by something!". You want to redirect that interest.

For example, imagine your dog sees a squirrel outside and starts barking. You give them something even more interesting, like a tasty treat. It works well.
There is the waiting game- you have to be patient. Wait till the dog calms down, and give a treat. It helps them learn that being calm is how they receive treats.
Therefore, let them bark until they give up. They would understand that barking would not lead anywhere.

You need to understand that dogs are like human babies, it’s just that they cannot speak like us. All they need is love, attention, care, and good food! However, different things work for other dogs.

5. Wear Out Their High Energy

Imagine if you had a lot of energy bottled up inside you, like a shaken soda can. Sometimes, when dogs behave badly, it's because they have too much energy, and they need a way to let it out.

When dogs are bored, they might bark too much, chew on things they shouldn't, or get overly excited. They need something to do, just like human toddlers crave.
So, how to wear them out? Think of exercise as opening that soda can when dogs run, play, or go for walks. You are letting out their fizzy energy. This helps them stay calm and happy.

Regular exercise isn't just good for their physical health; it also keeps their minds active and healthy. Buy a dog walking set and go out with them. It allows dogs to use all their energy in a non-destructive, positive way.

Through enough activities, they would remain in good shape and modify actions accordingly, without using electronic dog collars. It is a constructive way to deal with your pet.

6. The TV/Radio Corner Method

Before you start judging us, give this method a chance! We know how some would feel about giving screen time to pets. But, use this method for small intervals.

Pets sometimes feel lonely and have uncontrolled behavior. To raise their mood, songs on the radio or videos of other digs may cheer them up.

Another way is to let them sit in their safe corner and switch on the radio/TV. Sometimes, dogs act naughty because they feel worried or scared. If you notice your dog getting upset about something specific, you can teach them to go to their special place. Add blankets and soft toys.

But here is a difference. It's significant to know that the crate isn't a punishment spot. It's like a safe corner where your dog can calm themselves down. Put it in a place where your dog can still see and be part of what's happening in the house, and preferably leave the TV/radio on.

7. Family Training

When a pet arrives, it is a part of the family, right? It is not just the responsibility of one person (unless you live alone). There needs to be little involvement of everyone to take care of the dog.

Therefore, if you stay with your family, teach them positive reinforcement approaches. There are many ways to do so, but following one pattern is the key. Together, there will be uniformity and bonding. Teach everyone when to praise the dog and when not to.

Please do not give mixed signals to dogs, they will get confused. We think you should avoid this. As we said, it’s almost like raising a human kid, but in a different.

8. Fences and Baby Gates

Many use electric shocks to limit the dog’s exploration routines. A much kinder way may be to set fences and gates. In this way, you successfully provide them with the desired limited spaces. It will also limit the meeting with unwanted visitors.

Whatever method you select, patience and compassion are the key. It is beneficial for you and your dog. These are the best alternatives to electric collars.
Strike a balance between positive and negative reinforcement. Yes, sometimes pets require scolding, but to what extent? So, encourage good behavior. It will help them learn easier and faster.

9. Using Long Lead

When you teach your dog to return to you outdoors, some people use shock collars, but a kinder alternative is a long lead. It comes in different lengths, like 10 feet, 20 feet, or even 50 feet.

These are perfect for places where pets need to be on a leash, but you want them to have more freedom to explore and sniff around.

These lengthy leashes or stylish dog harnesses are handy for teaching your dog to return when called. Even if your dog decides to wander off or not listen, you've got plenty of slack on the long leash to either step on or hold onto.

If your dog tends to get a bit jumpy or reactive, a long leash can help. The extra length gives more room to move, which can ease the discomfort and help to stay calm. Less tension on the leash makes walks more enjoyable for both of you.
In short, it is a great way to modify behavior outdoors.

10. Blow The Whistle

If you want your dog to do better, using a dog whistle is a nice way. It's a painless method, meaning it doesn't hurt your dog.

Some people use a shock collar to make their dogs come back. But, if you use a dog whistle correctly, it can work quite well. Dog whistles are useful because they make a sound that travels far, and you don't have to strain your voice to call your dog.

Similar to how you use a clicker, you need to make the whistle sound like a good thing to your dog. Do this by giving them a treat when they hear it. This might take time, but soon your dog will know that the whistle means something good, and they'll come running when they hear it.

11. Mental Enrichment For Your Pets

Some dog breeds like Dachshund, Doberman, and Pitbull Terriers have an aggressive side. They need different activities to dive into.

Dogs need things to keep their brains active and happy. This is called "mental enrichment." Here, you give them fun challenges to solve.
Play games where you show your dog new tricks or skills. It's like having a little school session for them each day.

Have cardboard games. Give your dog small boxes or paper rolls to tear up. Let them have a blast with their little toys.

Try something with puzzles. Get toys that make your dog figure out how to get treats. It's like a tasty puzzle they have to solve.

You can give them frozen treats like broth or yogurt. They would have a fun time licking it. There are also long-lasting chewy toys. It helps them relax and give them healthy teeth.

Let your dog have long walks where they can sniff around a lot. It will be an adventure for them.

Doing these things makes your dog happier and less bored, so they feel satisfied and content.

12. Hire a Dog Behaviour Consultant

If you are unsure of the behavior, it's wise to talk to a certified dog behavior consultant. A dog training expert knows tricks to correct them.
Getting help doesn't mean you're not a good owner- it shows that you care a lot about your dog. It's important to recognize when they have issues and do something about it.

A certified dog behaviorist is the best person to help with aggressive behavior. Dog aggression can be tricky, and it's important to handle it carefully to avoid accidents or making your dog more anxious.

These experts are also great at training dogs that get reactive, meaning they act out because of anxiety or frustration. So, talking to a certified dog behavior consultant is next to getting a superhero for their behavior issues. Experts know how to improve things and help you and your furry friend.

Research Findings- Are Shock Collars Humane?

The use of shock collars in training dogs has sparked a heated debate among pet owners, trainers, and animal welfare advocates. On one side, proponents argue that shock collars can be sufficient tools for training.

On the contrary, opponents emphasize concerns about their impact on a dog's well-being.

Let’s take scientific studies to see if shock collars are humane.

Many policies and organization positions are based on cautious reviews of scientific studies and several peer-reviewed studies. Most of them present that shock is unnecessary and causes harmful effects too.

It goes for both the physical and mental health and well-being of dogs.

1. An author and dog trainer view-

Eileen Anderson, an author, and a trainer, has vividly explained that dogs in the initial training phase need shock. It can be hurting, painful, or scary, otherwise it won’t work. Dogs need to have a little unpleasant reaction that is healthy to get them to stop a certain behavior.

2. The Scientific View-

Scientists who study and share their findings with other experts tell us that shock collars hurt dogs. Even if some advocates use different names like “tap” and "stim", the important thing is that these collars cause distress.

It means shock collars make dogs feel physical or emotional pain. The reason they use these shocks is to change a dog's behavior. If it didn't hurt, it wouldn't make the dog behave differently, according to what scientists have found in their research.

In another study, researchers looked at using shock to stop dogs from hunting or chasing things. The study showed that the dogs trained with shock felt very stressed. The people who did the study said that using electric shock collars, in general, is not for the well-being of animals.

3. The Shock-Free Coalition-

The Shock-Free Coalition of 2019 by Pet Professional Guild founder Niki said pets deserve to be treated nicely. They should live in a safe and fun place and not be scared or hurt on purpose. The coalition wants to ensure animals are happy and feel good in their homes. It doesn’t support shock collars.

Many other studies have shown that shock collars make dogs feel a lot of stress.
Let's look at a couple of them-

  • A research in 2014 printed in the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science analyzed and found dogs with shock collar training had a high risk of behavior-related issues. It presented more aggressiveness, fear, and confusion. It was vastly different from positive reinforcement techniques.
  • A study in the Journal of Veterinary Behavior in 2020 observed dogs trained with e-collars showed more signs of stress. These signs included heavy breathing, yawning, and licking their lips. The study recommended avoiding the use of e-collars for training dogs.


The inappropriate use of shock collars is common. However, many users have maintained a limit or carefulness in using them. They have found shock collars more efficient than positive reinforcement.
While most studies show that shock collars aren’t humane, it depends on how individuals perceive them.

Ultimately, dog owners and trainers must decide-

Do they want their pets to learn lessons willingly or purely out of intentional fear

Creating a “Pawsome” Life For Your Pet!

Deciding on shock collars is tricky. Using positive methods for training is best, but what if they don’t work and your dog is at risk? What if they keep creating further problems?

In that case, a shock collar might be the last option. If you have to use one, you should set it to the lowest shock level. Be gentle and careful with aversive methods.

Otherwise, harnesses and leashes with whistles and beeps work fine. It is your choice in the end. We at Doodle Couture believe in giving the best for your pet.
We have some of the finest collars, harnesses, leashes, dog accessories, walking sets, and more. You can choose our well-curated products for gentle and smart training.

Expect timely deliveries of good-quality products from our end. Adjust the training as your dog's behavior improves, and give them a joyous life.


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